‘Godmothers’ Increasingly Powerful in Italian Mafia Families


October 30, 2016

Source: breitbart.com

There has been a steady increase in the number of women in power positions among the different branches of the Italian Mafia, with some as brutal and calculating as the men they are replacing, according to recent reports.

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In the Camorra, for instance, the Naples-based Mafia clan, prosecutors estimate that the number of active women is 10 times higher than it was in the 1980s or ‘90s, and many more women are winding up arrested or killed.

Analysts suggest that the reason behind female Mafiose rising to power has nothing to do with feminist empowerment and everything to do with demographics. Women are taking over when their male family members are sent to jail or killed.

“There is a growing number of women who hold executive roles in the Camorra,” said General Gaetano Maruccia, commander of the Carabinieri paramilitary police in the Naples area. “They are either widows of mob bosses or wives of husbands who have been put in prison. They hold the reins.”

Mothers, daughters, sisters and sisters-in-law are “assuming ever-more leading roles,” according to Stefania Castaldi, a Naples-based prosecutor who investigates organized crime.

But for whatever the motives, the transition has been real and relentless.

“In Naples, we say, ‘The bosses gave their balls to their wives,’” says Cristina Pinto, a reformed Camorra boss who served 23 years of jail time for her crimes.

“Now the power is in the hands of the women mobsters. These women are worse than men. They order murders just like that, not even thinking about the consequences. They are violent and irrational. Money and power make them crazy,” she said.

This phenomenon is not limited to Naples. Women bosses or “godmothers” can now be found in every branch of the Italian Mafia: the Camorra in Naples, the Cosa Nostra in Sicily. the ‘Ndrangheta in Calabria, and the Sacra Corona Unita in Apulia.

According to the Italian Ministry of Justice, more than 150 Mafia women are now locked up in Italian prisons, and nearly all of them had leadership roles in one of the Mafia branches.

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In Sicily, for instance, having women in positions of power in Cosa Nostra is now an accepted reality, something that wasn’t the case just a few decades ago. According to one Palermo prosecutor, Francesca Mazzocco, there are around 20 Cosa Nostra families active in the main cities and towns of Sicily, a third of which are either led by women or have women among their most powerful members.

“If the husband was very strong, then the woman gets more respect,” Ms. Mazzocco said.

One of the groundbreakers was Giuseppa (Giusy) Vitale, the first woman considered the real head of a Sicilian crime family, or in local jargon, one of the “bosses in skirts and high heels.”

“Giusy is a woman who sacrificed her femininity to almost become a man, shaped by her brothers in their image and likeness, ruthless and cruel, ready to order a murder with the click of her fingers,” says Alessandra Ziniti, a journalist in Palermo with the Italian daily La Repubblica.

To avoid prison, Vitale later became a pentita, collaborating with law enforcement, and reportedly now lives under a witness protection program in a secret location.

Another Sicilian godmother, Teresa Marino, allegedly took over for her husband, Tommaso Lo Presti, when the latter was sent to prison for his Mafia activities in Palermo.

“The role she assumed as head of the clan shows that times have changed – these days there is equality of the sexes, even within Cosa Nostra,” said Leonardo Agueci, a Palermo prosecutor.

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Research – Parental Child Abduction


January 16, 2013

Source: Victims Of Violence 

INTRODUCTION

It is estimated that a child goes missing every 9 minutes in Canada. When we think of child abduction, we often picture a stranger snatching our child as they walk home from school. However, the majority of child abductions are committed by someone the child knows and, in many cases, the abductor is a parent. There were 237 parental abductions in 2009, compared to 50 stranger abductions. Parental Abduction is defined as, “the wilful taking of a child with the intent of depriving the other parent, guardian or any other person having lawful care and charge of that child of the possession of that child.”(RCMP). This may at first seem like a benign form of abduction, but it is important to realize that parental abduction is a crime and can have a serious impact on the left-behind parent, the family, and the abducted child.

Child_Abducted_Canada

MOTIVES FOR PARENTAL ABDUCTION

Parents may abduct their children for several different reasons. A common motive is for revenge and as a power play. These parents believe that they have not been treated fairly in a custody battle and may feel misrepresented in court. They will take their child both to hurt the other parent, and simply to assert that they are capable of doing so. Some parents abduct their child out of fear for the child’s safety. This is common in cases where a spouse, usually the wife, is abused by her partner. She will usually take her child to protect him or her from abuse. Shares custody parents may fear that their child is subject to neglect and endangerment when with the other parent.

PROFILE OF ABDUCTORS

There are a number of factors that may contribute to parental abduction including; socioeconomic status, psychological and sociological issues, the relationship between the parent and the child, and the child’s age. The following is a list of characteristics that theRCMP have complied in an attempt to create a general overview of the common parent abductor:

  • Both mother and father are equally likely to abduct their child. Mothers tend to do so after a court order while fathers tend to abduct the child before the court order is made.
  • Mothers tend to keep their abducted child longer than fathers. But most parental abductions are short and are resolved in about 7 days.
  • Parent abductors tend to be between the ages of 28 and 40.
  • Although socio-economic factors vary from case to case, fathers tend to be employed and mothers tend not to be.
  • Most abducted children are young, between the ages of 3 and 7. Children who are taken out of the country are usually older, over 8 years of age.
  • Male and female children are equally likely to be abducted.
  • Children are usually abducted from the home, and abductions usually take place during weekends or holidays (summer, Christmas break, March break.).
  • Various modes of transportation are used and accomplices (commonly other family members or a current partner) are used in about 50% of the cases.
  • Physical or sexual abuse is not common and only occurs in a very small percentage of these abductions.
  • Most ‘left-behind’ parents report the abduction immediately; however some will delay reporting the incident.

Although each case has different circumstances, this general profile provides police with information that will help them to locate and recover the missing child.

ABDUCTION LAWS

Parental Abduction is a criminal offence, and can be found under section 283(1) in the Criminal Code which states:

Everyone who, being the parent, guardian or person having the lawful care or charge of a person under the age of fourteen years, takes, entices away, conceals, detains, receives or harbours that person, whether or not there is a custody order in relation to that person made by a court anywhere in Canada, with intent to deprive a parent or guardian, or any other person who has the lawful care or charge of the possession of that person, is guilty of

  1. an indictable offence and is liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding ten years; or
  2. an offence punishable on summary conviction.

There are two exceptions to this section:

  1. No one can be found guilty of the abduction offence (under sections 281 to 283) if they are able to establish that there was consent by the parent, guardian or other person having lawful possession, care or charge of that young person.
  2. No one can be found guilty of an offence under sections 280 to 283 if the court is satisfied that the abduction of the young person was “… necessary to protect the young person from danger of imminent harm or if the person charged with the offence was escaping from danger of imminent harm.”

Importantly, a parent who abducts their child cannot make a defence by claiming that the child consented to or suggested the abduction.

Section 282(2) pertains to abduction in contravention of the custody provisions set out in a custody order and is essentially the same as what has been set out in section 283(1). However, if an individual is not proven guilty under Section 282, they can still be found guilty under Section 283(1).

children_safety2

INTERNATIONAL CHILD ABDUCTIONS

International child abductions involve either a parent abducting their child and taking them out of the country, or a parent in another country who prevents the child from returning home to the other parent. Revenge is often a strong motive behind this type of abduction, and the abducting parent will often try to turn the child against the other parent by convincing him/her that the other parent does not care for or love them. If you are worried that your child’s other parent may take him/her out of the country, you may notify a local passport office to have your child’s name placed on the passport control list which will put officials on alert (you need to provide certain documentation to do this). If your child is a dual-citizen, however, this may not be sufficient. The media can have either a mixed influence in abduction cases. Media attention may assist in fuelling the international search for a missing child, or it may cause the abducting parent to go into hiding.

THE HAGUE CONVENTION

Over 30 years ago, the international community recognized the need for a program to ensure cooperation between countries as a way to resolve and prevent international parental abduction cases. Canada was the second country to ratify this Convention which came into effect on December 1, 1983. The Hague convention has two objectives. The first is to ensure the prompt return of an abducted child to his/her home country and the second objective is to ensure that the rights of custody/ access to the child under the law of one contracting state are respected in the other contracting states.

The Hague convention may be applicable if:

  1. The child was a resident of Canada immediately before the abduction
  2. The wrongful abduction was in breach of rights of custody/access to the child
  3. At the time of the abduction, the convention applied between Canada and the country to which the abducted child was taken.
  4. The child is under 16 years of age.

If the convention applies to the country (or area of the country) to which a child has been taken, authorities can provide a parent with the appropriate paperwork. The Canadian central authority will forward the documents to the foreign central authority that will then pass them along to the local judicial authority. If the child will not be returned voluntarily, a court hearing may take place. If all conditions are met and no exceptions apply, the foreign court will order the return of the child.

There are some exceptions to the Hague convention:

  • The accused parent is able to prove that the other parent consented to the child’s removal/ later acquiesced to it or was not exercising custody rights when the child was abducted/ retained.
  • The child may be at risk of physical or psychological harm or be placed in an intolerable situation if returned.
  • The child objects to being returned and is old enough and mature enough to have his/her opinion taken into account.

There are no costs associated with The Hague Convention application process; however there may be costs associated with the legal proceedings and travel costs.

There are currently 80 countries who have signed the Hague convention: Albania, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Canada, Chile, China (Hong Kong), China (Macao), Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, FYR of Macedonia, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Saint Kitts and Nevis, San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uruguay, USA, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, and Zimbabwe.

Note: In some countries, the Hague Convention pertains to only certain provinces, states, or territories of the country.

Trafficking-Children-Stop

EFFECTS ON THE VICTIMS

The Left-Behind Family

The first thing that the left-behind family experiences is shock and disbelief. They cannot believe that their loved one has been taken away by a fellow family member. Panic as to the whereabouts of the child and how to get proper assistance will cause both the left-behind parent and any left-behind siblings to experience serious emotional distress.

The left-behind parent often has an incredibly difficult time maintaining work commitments while searching for their child. Feelings of anger, resentment, fear, anxiety, despair, loneliness, and guilt are common emotions. Most left-behind parents also suffer from disturbances in sleep patterns, loss of appetite, and severe depression. The emotional turmoil might also manifest in physical symptoms such as re-occurring headaches and nausea. And in some situations, the parent may turn to drugs or alcohol to handle the pain.

Any left-behind siblings also experience the pain of the loss of their brother/sister. Like the left-behind parents, the siblings also experience a variety of emotions and physical ailments. Since their parent is so focused on the return of the kidnapped child, the other children may feel neglected and develop hostile feelings towards the kidnapped child for taking all of the attention.

The Abducted Child

Despite the fact that the abducted child is with their parent or guardian, the experience can be terrifying and cause long-term damage. Often these children will live the life of a fugitive; dragged around by their parent from place to place in an effort to avoid authorities. The distress of suddenly losing friends and family and having to deal with constantly changing environments is an incredibly stressful experience. Even when the child is safely returned he/she will still be affected by the experience. A fear of abandonment and loss of trust are common issues for children who have been kidnapped by a parent. They may also suffer from depression, loneliness, excessive fearfulness, helplessness and anger. There are a number of mental disorders that are commonly associated with parental child abductions such as separation anxiety disorder, ADHDPTSD, eating disorders, learning disabilities and conduct disorder. As the experience of abduction can have such a traumatic effect on the child, it is important that the parent or guardian get the child proper help as soon as he or she is returned.

HELPFUL TIPS

One of the most important things a parent can do to help avoid parental abduction is to remain on good terms with the other parent and try to remain on good terms with the child’s other grandparents. If you expect that your child is at risk of abduction, make sure to talk to him or her. Explain how the custody situation works, teach them how to use the phone (especially 911 and long distance), make sure that your children know that you love them, and listen to them – information they provide may be your first clue. Keep track of what they wear on a daily basis. Keep records of all important information and store it in a safe place that is unknown or inaccessible to the other parent. As indicated earlier, it is also possible to add your child to the passport control list.

If your child is abducted by the other parent, get in touch with local authorities immediately. Provide them with any information you have and limit access to your home until law enforcement has collected any possible evidence. Contact the birth certificate office to block any application for a birth certificate by the abducting parent (you will need specific documentation to do this). Contact any search organizations such as Child Find and register your child as missing. If you plan to go to the media, ask the police for help and advice on the best way to do so. Most importantly, take care of yourself and your family, you need to be strong for your child and any other children left behind.

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Sottrazione internazionale di minori – Servizi di recupero dei bambini


L’apertura delle frontiere e la maggiore facilità di movimento hanno portato con sè un aumento generalizzato delle coppie miste, formate da genitori di diversa nazionalità, religione, costumi. Il problema della sottrazione internazionale di minori è sempre più quindi di scottante attualità:
assistiamo purtroppo al moltiplicarsi di casi in cui i minori si trovano contesi tra genitori di diversa nazionalità, con i problemi giuridico/pratici che questa cosa comporta, visto che le legislazioni in merito dei diversi paesi possono essere anche molto discordanti.
Recentemente il Ministero degli Esteri ha pubblicato un manuale di aiuto e prevenzione inteso a limitare questo fenomeno e indirizzato a genitori e operatori. Vi rimandiamo alla guida completa (oltre 100 pagine) per un approfondimento (http://www.esteri.it/mae/doc/BambiniContesi_Guida.pdf ma ne riassumiamo qui di seguito i punti base.

Cosa è la sottrazione internazionale di minori?
Con l’espressione “sottrazione internazionale di minori” si indica la situazione in cui un minore:
– viene illecitamente condotto all’estero ad opera di uno dei genitori che non esercita l’esclusiva potestà, senza alcuna autorizzazione;
– non viene ricondotto nel Paese di residenza abituale a seguito di un soggiorno all’estero.Ciò generalmente avviene quando, nel timore di non ottenere la custodia esclusiva nello Stato di residenza, uno dei due genitori sottrae il figlio e lo conduce nel proprio paese d’origine o altrove, sradicandolo così dal suo contesto sociale, scolastico e geografico, impedendo quindi, di conseguenza, la frequentazione dell’altro genitore.
Non solo la sottrazione di minore priva il minore di una delle figure parentali, cosa di per sè già grave e destabilizzante per il minore, ma comporta altresì il completo distacco dal contesto nel quale il bambino era inserito e che rappresentava non solo la sua “residenza abituale” ma il suo unico luogo di vita.

Il vero problema che impedisce una soluzione semplice e immediata di questi casi è che, non esistendo un’armonizzazione internazionale delle normative a riguardo, possono venire a crearsi situazioni giudiziarie contrapposte: il minore è affidato in Italia ad un genitore e nel Paese straniero all’altro.
Nel 2005 è entrato in vigore un Regolamento Internazionale Europeo che mira a superare queste contrapposizioni, ma è valido solo tra i Paesi Europei firmatari (tranne quindi la Danimarca). Questo Regolamento viene chiamato Bruxelles II bis e istituisce uno spazio comune europeo in materia di diritto di famiglia, riconoscendo altresì la validità delle sentenze di affidamento dei minori in tutti gli Stati dell’Unione. Lo scopo è quello di uniformare la legislazione ed evitare il più possibile casi di contrasto giurisprudenziale che, alimentando le dispute tra genitori, altro non fanno che minacciare il sereno sviluppo della psicologia del bambino.

Ma andiamo per gradi.
A livello internazionale esistono diversi strumenti giuridici – purtroppo non ratificati da tutti gli stati – che consentono al genitore “vittima” della sottrazione di trovare (o quantomeno tentare) una soluzione all’illecito trasferimento del figlio.

1) Convenzione Europea di Lussemburgo del 20.05.1980 sul riconoscimento e l’esecuzione delle decisioni in materia di affidamento di minori e sul ristabilimento dell’affidamento.
La Convenzione è fondata sul presupposto della esistenza di un provvedimento di affidamento del minore nello Stato in cui esso risiede al momento della sottrazione ed è applicabile quindi solo a queste condizioni.

2) La Convenzione dell’Aja del 25.10.1980 alla quale aderiscono circa ottanta Paesi.
Tale Convenzione si pone l’obiettivo primario di consentire il ritorno del minore nello stato di residenza abituale. Allo stato attuale, la Convenzione è l’unico strumento giuridico cogente cui si ricorre con Paesi non appartenenti alla Unione Europea; tuttavia, spesso, non offre garanzie adeguate per il rimpatrio dei minori in ragione della tendenza delle magistrature degli Stati Parte a far prevalere i diritti del cittadino rispetto alla richiesta di rimpatrio del genitore straniero.

3) Convenzione delle Nazioni Unite sui diritti del fanciullo adottata a New York dalla
Assemblea Generale del 20.11.1989. La Convenzione delle Nazioni Unite è lo strumento internazionale più completo in materia di promozione e di tutela dei diritti dell’infanzia. Tra questi diritti va segnalato il diritto del fanciullo a preservare la propria identità, ivi compresa la sua nazionalità, il suo nome e le sue relazioni familiari (art.8), ad intrattenere rapporti personali e diretti con entrambi i genitori (art. 9 e 10). Stabilisce il principio secondo il quale l’interesse superiore del bambino deve essere la considerazione preminente in tutte le decisioni che lo riguardano. La Convenzione obbliga gli Stati ad attuare tutti i provvedimenti necessari per assistere i genitori e le istituzioni nell’adempimento dei loro doveri nei confronti dei minori, stabiliti dalla Convenzione stessa.

4) Convenzione europea di Strasburgo del 25.01.1996 sull’esercizio dei diritti del
fanciullo. La Convenzione promuove alcuni diritti del bambino tramite il riconoscimento di diritti processuali che al minore si riferiscono.
5) Regolamento (CE) n. 2201/2003 del Consiglio dell’Unione Europea del 27/11/2003 relativo alla competenza, al riconoscimento e all’esecuzione delle decisioni in materia
matrimoniale e in materia di responsabilità genitoriale, che abroga il Regolamento (CE) n.1347/2000 (questo Regolamento vincola tutti i Paesi dell’Unione Europea tranne la Danimarca, che non lo ha sottoscritto).
In materia di sottrazione di minori il Regolamento stabilisce l’esecutività automatica delle decisioni emesse dal giudice del Paese di residenza abituale del minore, cui è stata presentata la domanda per il ritorno del minore.
Il provvedimento di rimpatrio del bambino va emanato entro sei settimane dalla presentazione della domanda.
Non richiede alcuna dichiarazione di esecutività la decisione di Autorità di uno stato membro in merito al diritto di visita al minore né è possibile opporsi al riconoscimento dello stesso diritto risultante da un certificato standard.
Il Regolamento (CE) n. 2201/2003 ha integrato la procedura prevista dalla Convenzione dell’Aja.
In particolare:
• tra i Paesi membri dell’Unione, viene ritenuto competente il giudice del paese ove il
minore risiedeva prima di essere sottratto;
• è stato creato il titolo esecutivo europeo in materia di diritto di visita e di ritorno del minore.

Lo strumento internazionale più completo ed efficace risulta senza dubbio essere l’ultimo in ordine di tempo, il Regolamento dell’Unione Europea chiamato anche Bruxelles II bis, ma è valido solo in caso di disputa tra cittadini europei. In presenza di contrasti tra un genitore italiano e uno extraeuropeo lo strumento principe per cercare di dirimere la matassa giuridico-legislativa risulta essere senz’altro la Convenzione dell’Aja, che vincola un gran numero di paesi sparsi in tutto il mondo: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Belarus, Belgio, Belize, Bosnia Erzegovina, Brasile, Burkina Faso, Bulgaria, Canada, Cile, Cina (solo per le regioni autonome di Hong Kong e Macao), Cipro, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croazia, Danimarca, Ecuador, El Salvador,
Estonia, Fiji, Finlandia, Francia, Germania, Grecia, Georgia, Guatemala, Honduras, Irlanda, Islanda, Israele, Lituania, Lettonia, Lussemburgo, Macedonia, Malta, Mauritius, Messico, Nicaragua, Norvegia, Nuova Zelanda, Paesi Bassi, Panama, Paraguay, Perù, Polonia, Portogallo, Principato di Monaco, Regno Unito, Repubblica Ceca, Repubblica Dominicana, Repubblica di Moldova, Repubblica di San Marino, Romania, Saint Kitts e Nevis, Serbia e Montenegro, Slovacchia, Slovenia, Spagna, Stati Uniti, Sud Africa, Svezia, Svizzera, Sri Lanka, Thailandia, Trinidad e Tobago, Turchia, Turkmenistan, Ucraina, Ungheria, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela,
Zimbabwe.

L’applicazione della Convenzione dell’Aja e/o del Regolamento, tuttavia, anche se attuata con tempestività non sempre porta al rientro immediato del minore.
Come abbiamo già detto la casistica delle sottrazioni evidenzia il crearsi, nel tempo, di situazioni giudiziarie contrapposte: il minore è affidato in Italia ad un genitore e nel Paese straniero all’altro.
Particolare importanza rivestono in questo senso i consigli che il Ministero degli Esteri elargisce in caso di avvenuta sottrazione di minore:
• sporgere tempestivamente denuncia presso gli organi di polizia
• avvertire il Ministero degli Esteri e la Direzione Generale per gli Italiani all’Estero affinché vengano attivate le competenti Rappresentanze diplomatico-consolari;
• rivolgersi all’Autorità Centrale se il Paese di presunta destinazione aderisce alla Convenzione dell’Aja del 25.10.1980 o è destinatario del Regolamento (CE) n. 2201/2003;
• far valere il diritto di visita qualora non si disponga di un provvedimento che affidi la custodia del minore.

Il Ministero, rivolgendosi ai genitori di coppie miste, cerca inoltre di prevenire il verificarsi di sottrazioni di minori all’estero con alcune avvertenze:
• informarsi sulle disposizioni in materia di affidamento e diritto di visita vigenti nello
Stato di appartenenza dell’altro genitore
• far riconoscere, ove possibile, nello Stato di appartenenza dell’altro genitore, l’eventuale provvedimento di affidamento del minore in proprio favore
• cercare di evitare che il minore sia iscritto sul passaporto del genitore non affidatario
• se per un qualche motivo il minore deve recarsi all’estero, far sottoscrivere dall’altro genitore un impegno di rientro in Italia alla data stabilita
• se è già in corso la procedura per la separazione legale, chiedere al Giudice competente che nel provvedimento venga chiaramente indicato il divieto di espatrio del miniore, senza il consenso dell’altro
• verificare che il divieto di espatrio risulti registrato nelle liste di frontiera
• se non è stato avviato alcun procedimento per l’affidamento del minore, chiedere l’emissione di uno specifico provvedimento che vieti l’espatrio del minore senza il consenso esplicito dell’altro
• vigilare, in occasione dell’esercizio del diritto di visita riconosciuto al genitore non affidatario, affinché lo stesso non trattenga con sé il minore illecitamente oltre il periodo stabilito.
Il consiglio principale che il Ministero si sente di dare per prevenire questo fenomeno, comunque, è sempre e comunque cercare di porre al centro di ogni azione intrapresa il benessere e l’interesse del minore, la prima vittima di questo sopruso. Follow our updates on Twitter and Facebook

One key to ABP World Group`s successful recovery and re-unification of your loved one is to use all necessary means available

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Il fenomeno dei minori scomparsi


fonte: bambiniscomparsi

Ogni anno, le numerose denunce di minori scomparsi che arrivano alle Forze di Polizia destano sconcerto e preoccupazione nell’opinione pubblica. In realtà, il fenomeno, se pur da tenere sotto osservazione e controllo, va ridimensionato alla luce di una attenta lettura dei dati a disposizione.

Circa l’età dei bambini che “scompaiono”, infatti, rientrano nella categoria dei cd. allontanamenti volontari o delle sottrazioni operate dai genitori stessi.
Sono, cioè, minori che, per svariati motivi, decidono di lasciare l’abitazione familiare o la comunità cui sono affidati, anche se questa ultima ipotesi presenta delle peculiaritaà che occorre chiarire.

Se, infatti, gli allontanamenti volontari dall’abitazione familiare riguardano soprattutto bambini/adolescenti italiani o comunque appartenenti a famiglie stabilmente residenti in Italia, le “fughe” dalle comunità caratterizzano, in particolar modo, i bambini delle famiglie nomadi che, non riuscendo ad adattarsi alla nuova vita comunitaria, scappano dall’istituto per tornare presso le famiglie di origine. Nei casi di bambini molto piccoli, sono addirittura le famiglie stesse che li “rapiscono” per riportarli al precedente stile di vita, ovvero all’attività di accattonaggio o al compimento di piccoli furti e borseggi.

Ovviamente, anche queste “scomparse” o “allontanamenti” vengono segnalati alle Forze di Polizia e, quindi, incrementano il numero delle segnalazioni annuali.

È di tutta evidenza, quindi, la differenza con le ipotesi in cui un bambino viene sequestrato, viene sottratto da un genitore all’altro per condurlo in Paesi spesso lontani, o scompare nel nulla, senza che si riescano a formulare ipotesi sulle possibili motivazioni.

In conclusione, di tutte le segnalazioni che annualmente si ricevono, solo un 20% circa, a distanza di un anno, rimangono attuali. Tale dato numerico, nel corso degli anni, è destinato a decrescere ancora, perché non è infrequente che il minore allontanatosi volontariamente decida, anche a distanza di tempo, di farsi nuovamente vivo con la famiglia.

Non bisogna dimenticare, poi, che spesso, nel momento in cui un figlio torna a casa, i familiari, comprensibilmente felici per il rientro, dimenticano di informare le Forze di Polizia. Pertanto, può accadere che un minore che risulta formalmente scomparso, sia in realtà tornato presso la propria abitazione.
Per ovviare a tale inconveniente sono state disposte verifiche periodiche sull’attualità delle segnalazioni.

Come iniziano le ricerche?
Le ricerche vengono avviate, dopo la denuncia dei familiari o della comunità cui è affidato il minore, con l’inserimento del nominativo nel “CED-Interforze”, in modo tale che la notizia della scomparsa possa essere nota, in tempo reale, a tutte le Forze di Polizia.

Grazie a tale procedura, inoltre, le ricerche sono estese automaticamente a tutti i Paesi che aderiscono all’accordo di Schengen.

Quando si ritiene che il minore scomparso possa trovarsi in altri Paesi del mondo, viene chiamata in causa l’Interpol, che ha un ruolo di raccordo con le Forze di Polizia dei vari Paesi aderenti. È inoltre possibile chiamare ABP World Group per chiedere aiuto. Si parla inglese.

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One key to ABP World Group`s successful recovery and re-unification of your loved one is to use all necessary means available

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Join the Facebook Group: International Parental Child Abduction

NOTE: We are always available 24/7

U.S Phone Number: (646) 502-7443

UK Phone Number: 020 3239 0013 –

Or you can call our 24h Emergency phone number: +47 45504271

Only 5-10% of abducted children are annually recovered because of the Hague Convention


Many left-behind parents are told that the Hague Convention will bring about the return of their abducted children. Some authorities say that if your child is abducted, you should follow procedures outlined by the Hague, but we don’t agree.

Only 5-10% of abducted children are annually recovered because of the Hague Convention

Until 1980, there was no international system in place to help parents recover abducted children who had been taken to other nations. The Hague Convention attempted to create one, but it doesn’t work. If you take the time to read the well-intentioned text of the Hague, you’ll see its many flaws.

In our opinion, it’s not worth the large amounts of money, time and trouble to hire an attorney to try using the Hague Convention to get your child back. You aren’t likely to get him or her back — and even worse, the abducting parent could be “legitimized” by the courts in another nation.

Under the Hague Convention, a case must be filed in the country where the abductor has taken the child. The courts of that country tend to render their decisions in favor of their countrymen, as the Hague Convention focuses on residency, not citizenship. There is little concern for the fact that the child is a citizen of the country from which he or she was abducted, or for the possible detrimental effect on the child.

Even if the child was born in your country, if that child is found to be a “habitual resident” by the courts in another country, the child may be ordered to be returned to that country.

This underscores the need to act quickly.

Few, if any, of the Hague signatory countries are going to send anyone out to physically recover your child for you. Embassy officials will check on the child’s welfare, if it is known where the child is and if the abducting parent lets them.

As soon as abducting parents are aware that that they’ve been located, they’ll usually disappear with the children again.

And about hiring lawyers

You need to be aware that a great amount of money has been spent on lawyers in foreign abduction cases. The unfortunate fact is that they, most often, can’t practice in the foreign courts and are required to hire associate lawyers in the foreign country.

Note: they often have no qualifications or experience working with child abduction cases.

More money…

Educate yourself

Many resources are available to help you learn about parental child abduction. If you’re dealing with an abduction, the better informed you are, the better equipped you’ll be to cope.

Recover your child

Time is of the essence. Parentally abducted children are helpless on their own and confused by the irrational and sometimes abusive acts of non-custodial parents who are supposed to have their best interests in mind. ABP World Group Ltd. has the manpower and the know-how to rigorously cover all avenues, and bring your child home.

 

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ABP World Group Risk Management

Contact us here: Mail

NOTE: We are always available 24/7

1-800-847-2315 US Toll free Number
0-808-189-0066 UK Toll Free Number
800-11-618        Norway Toll Free Number

24/7 Emergency Number: 0047 40466526

ITALY – Italian Child Abduction Alert System (ICAAS)


Source: formez.eu

The project aims at realizing a “quick alert” system in the case of child abduction.
 
Actions:

  • Definition of the protocol to ensure that once the case of child abduction has been communicated to the police, the alert mechanism is promptly launched through a study of the procedures already in force in other EU countries, the analysis of the resources available to all Bodies involved and the evaluation of their competences.
  • Definition of a central authority at national level with the clear responsibility for directing and coordinating available techniques and human resources.
  • Management of a joint web portal including two main areas: a public area for memorizing the alarm information and an area limited to the bodies responsible for starting up the procedure on transmission via radio (TV / Radio / mobile telephone companies and others).
  • Coordination between all security forces and the competent authorities, the national network of the Public Administration, civil society and NGOs.
  • Judicial and security system which deals with child disappearance.
  • Definition of the Protocol and Bodies involved in the alert procedures.
  • Memoranda with media and Bodies involved in the communication phase.
  • Realization of the portal.
On 8 March 2011 in Rome the ceremony to undersign the Agreement as regards the establishment of an Italian “Child Abduction Alert” system will take place, which shall allow for the utmost diffusion, among the population, of the information useful for localizing abducted children in the very short term.
The event will open with the welcome address by the Vice Director General for Public Security – Central Head of the Criminal Police, Prefect Francesco Cirillo, and will continue with the presentation of the project by the Head of the Service for Police Force International Cooperation, Gen. B. Guardia di Finanza, Francesco Lisi. The event will be closed with a press conference to be held after the undersigning of the Agreement.
The Project funded by the European Commission, has been the result of a profitable partnership between Police Forces, institutions and private bodies, of which the Central Direction of the Italian Criminal Police has been the leading structure.

Published by: ABP World Group International Child Recovery Services

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