India: Ministry of WCD seeks suggestions issues related to civil aspects of “International Child removal”



NEW DELHI: The ministry for women and child development has put out in the public domain a “concept note” on issues related to civil aspects of International Child Removal. A multi member committee led Chairmanship Justice Rajesh Bindal, Judge Punjab and Haryana High Court was set-up in February to study all aspects of the matter pertaining to Hague Convention on Child Abduction in detail and make its recommendation. Before it gives the final report the Committee has sought suggestions on the concept note and the various concerns raised by July 31.

The report once ready will steer further deliberations of the WCD ministry to recommend to the government of India on whether India should ratify the Hague convention and if it does how to ensure that the rights of the parents and child are not compromised in any way.

The Ministry in a press statement issued on Tuesday pointed that with the rise in trans-national marriages and complexities involved in modern day relationships, the protection of rights of parents and children involved is a critical issue of National and International importance.

The Committee has said in the concept note that “the instances of an Indian citizen marrying an NRI or a person of Indian origin having citizenship of a foreign nation, popularly referred to as ‘transnational marriages’ are frequent and in abundance”. “However, many a times, it so happens that the spouses fall apart and the marriage breaks down irretrievably. In many such cases, the spouses return to the net of their families/extended families in India, seeking mental comfort for themselves and their children. However, such instances often land such estranged spouse in a situation of being perceived as abductors of their children in light of The Hague convention provisions,” it is pointed.

The Committee has further stated that “in another situation where both the spouses may be Indians, residing in India, one of the spouses may move out of India along with the child born out of such wedlock after breakdown of marriage. In such situation, the issue of getting the child back from the foreign land assumes importance, in the process of redressing the grievance of the left behind spouse”.

 “In such cases, the signatory countries of the Hague convention can avail access to the Central authorities of the other contracting states to resolve such issues. Another factor that deserves consideration, is that many a times, on account of the broken marriages, often the complaint of child abduction is alleged against each other by the estranged spouse, to settle their personal scores,” it is explained in the concept note.

In the backdrop the Committee states that “since the matter is likely to have large scale ramifications, it is desirable and in the fitness of things to put the same in public domain and invite suggestions from various quarters.” The Committee may even hold meetings with different stake-holders. The committee has sought suggestions which may be sent by e-mail to the Committees Member Secretary, Meenaxee Raj.
The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction is a multilateral treaty on custodial issues of children. The Convention seeks to protect children from the harmful effects of abduction and retention across international boundaries by providing a procedure to ensure their prompt return.

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India: Govt may propose caveat to Hague treaty on child abduction



The Centre is deliberating on proposing a caveat to the Hague convention dealing with international child custody issues to secure the rights of NRI women. The Ministry of Women and Child Development (WCD) on Tuesday sought suggestions from all stakeholders on the Hague Convention on Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction (1980) as part of a concept note on its website. The deadline for submissions is July 31, a ministry official said.

“Our mandate is to suggest changes to the law so that it is more suitable to the Indian situation. When a victim of domestic abuse returns to India from abroad, we should not ask her to go back,” said a member of a committee set up by the ministry. The Hague Convention is a multilateral treaty developed by the Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH) that provides an expeditious method to return a child abducted by a parent from one member country to another.

India had refused to ratify the convention in the past, arguing that it would have mandated the government to send back women, who have escaped bad marriages abroad and brought their child along with them to India, to the country of their husbands’ residence. The concept note by the WCD ministry has been prepared by the committee set up to look into trans-national custody issues and deliberate upon a 2016 draft law prepared by the ministry– the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction Bill, 2016.

“The (committee) has to look into all aspects of the (Hague) Convention and figure out how to modify the treaty to address Indian concerns,” a ministry official said, adding that India was unlikely to sign the convention in its current form. The Hague Convention came into force in 1983 to ensure that any child ‘wrongfully’ removed or retained from the ‘habitual residence’ is returned. Under this, the burden of proof rests with the “abducting parent”, who is required to provide “clear and convincing evidence” of abuse of the child.

Countries like the USA and UK are signatories to the the convention. Though the Japanese government deliberated for years about signing the convention, it finally inked the pact in 2014 with a caveat that children exposed to adult domestic violence would be considered at “grave risk” in that country. This could set a precedent for India and other countries.

NRI women have opposed the convention saying that most of them have had to flee foreign lands to escape abuse and violence. The WCD committee member said that the panel was deliberating on certain terminologies like “child’s habitual residence” in the convention and seeking to redefine them in the Indian context.

If you have any questions or concerns regarding parental child abduction please feel free to contact us 24 / 7.  We are always available at or by calling our offices – +1 (805) CHILD-11 (+18052445311)

‘Asia’s sexiest DJ’ awaits judge’s decision in abduction case

June 24, 2016

Source: New York Post

A Brooklyn federal judge is expected to decide the fate of “Asia’s Sexiest DJ”-turned-embattled mom in the next few days, he said Wednesday at a hearing over her extradition.


A lawyer for brunette stunner Angie Vu argued she should be released on a writ of habeas corpus — and not shipped to France, where she faces child abduction charges — because she didn’t break any laws.

“Her intent was to proceed in court to exercise her parental right,” said Mia Eisner-Grynberg.

Vu, 32, has been locked up at the federal Metropolitan Detention Center in Brooklyn since November, when she was arrested at Kennedy Airport trying to board a flight to China with her daughter after losing a custody battle with the girl’s father.

Vu has argued that the girl’s father, Richard Froger, illegally obtained custody of their daughter — and argued in court Wednesday that she is victim of a double standard.

“They fail to apply the same law to him,” said Vu, dressed in navy blue and white scrubs. “He took my daughter to France for seven months. He did all of that without parental rights.”

But Judge Frederic Block told her: “These arguments would best be made in front of a French court,” and said he’d have a decision on her case in the next “couple of days.”

In February, Brooklyn federal Judge Viktor Pohorelsky signed off on Vu’s extradition, which has been tied up since March when she appealed.

At the Wednesday hearing, prosecutors said Vu should be placed in French custody because there was a court order for her to return the girl to dad Richard Froger.

“She knew of the court order. There is no dispute she failed to follow the court order,” prosecutor Ryan Harris said.

The Vietnamese-born Vu could face about three years in French prison, the lawyers speculated.

Vu, who’s appeared in Playboy, has amassed a huge following spinning records around the globe.

Many of her supporters and pals have filed letters to Judge Frederic Block, who is overseeing the appeals case, in a bid to get her released.

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United States Partners With Thailand Under Hague Abduction Convention

April 2, 2016


On April 1, 2016, the 1980 Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction (Convention) will enter into force between the United States and Thailand. The United States now has 74 partners under the Convention.


The Convention is a valuable civil law mechanism for parents seeking the return of children who have been wrongfully removed from or retained outside their country of habitual residence by another parent or family member. Parents seeking access to children residing in treaty partner countries may also invoke the Convention. The Convention is critically important because it establishes a legal framework between partner countries to resolve parental abduction cases. The Department of State’s Office of Children’s Issues, which serves as the Central Authority for the United States under the Convention, welcomes our partnership with Thailand and looks forward to continuing to work with Thailand on this critical issue.

For more information about international parental child abduction, please visit:

For press inquiries, please contact or (202) 485-6150.

The Office of Website Management, Bureau of Public Affairs, manages this site as a portal for information from the U.S. State Department.External links to other Internet sites should not be construed as an endorsement of the views or privacy policies contained therein.

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Complaint to President of the European Parliament about office of international child abductions

February 11, 2016


Subject: Parents complaint about the mediator’s office for cases of international child abductions

Dear President Martin Schulz,

Dear President Pittella,

Dear President Weber,

Dear Vice-Presidents,

I am a European citizen and a parent, among the many others signatories of this letter, whom requested assistance to the Office of the Mediator for cases of international child abductions.


I appeal to your political consciousness and I rely on your authority in order to take adequate action toward the scandalous conduct of the current Mediator for cases of International Child Abduction, Mairead McGuinness, who is abusing the delicate Role she has been delegated to, for the sole purpose of her personal political propaganda but who has proven not to have any interest in our children and not and not up to perform conscientiously and with competences her role.


In particular, as EU citizens and parents whom dealt directly with the Office, We would like to point out that the only person who showed competence and dedication to the cause and who served with the utmost professionalism and humanity all our cases, is Simona Mangiante, who assisted us egregiously. She proved to be very competent in the field, being beyond an official of the European Palriament a qualified international lawyer and lastly legal Advisor of ‘Ombudsman’s office.

Ms Simona Mangiante, who was dedicated to our cases for a long time (she is aware of all of the intricate details of international legal cases that affect us), has recently informed us that she can no longer take care of our cases because MsGuinness removed her from the function !!!

Let me say that it is outrageous !!! The only person working with competence and dedication is removed from the function? How is it explained?

As parents we are lost now, as we keep receiving “formal” and empty” answers from the same Office and we lost our reference, Simona Mangiante, because of an arbitrarious decision of Ms McGuinness?

Are you aware of the impact of depriving us of the assistance of the person who is following us with great competence and dedication since years? Which is the contribute of Ms McGuinness, other then using this role as an “honor” to exhibit?

Ms McGuinness evidently has no substantial interest in the office, otherwise she would be aware of the essentiality of Ms Mangiante for all of us and that without Ms Mangiante the service apparently does not exist at all!!

At the light of the above, we would like to stress the following:

Why the European Parliament advertise on the internet a service as sensitive as the one offered by the Office of the Mediator for cases of international child abductions, without then being capable of ensuring the continuity in this service? This is criminal Why the European Parliament leaves to the discretionally of the political representative the power to remove essential qualified people of the administration, as Simona Mangiante, to replace them with unqualified people, such as the woman who is now replacing Ms Mangiante? Why you would remove a qualified professional already working on our cases since years? Therefore We urgently ask: – to reintegrate Simona Mangiante in this service to remove Ms McGuinness from the role of Mediator. We are sure there are many better politicians, among you to represent the Office of the Mediator.


Best regards,

Marco Di Marco

Richard M.Holmes

Roberto Nocciolini

Andrea Tonello

Alessandro Avenati

Luigi Renato Zardo

Salvatore Basile

Volpe Liberato

Andrea Cavalcanti

Leonardo Rassu

Hartmut Buchholz

Thomas Karzelek

Anatol Jung

Uwe Mertens

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Mexican parents’ right over son lands in Knoxville federal court

January 1, 2016


An international battle over the alleged parental abduction of a Mexican boy is playing out in a federal courtroom in Knoxville.


The case involves the Hague Convention, the U.S. State Department, the U.S. Marshals Service, the Mexican government, Facebook, Knox County Juvenile Court, Chief U.S. District Judge Tom Varlan, a Mexican father, a Mexican child and a Mexican mother illegally living in Knoxville.

PDF: Temporary restraining order ruling

The basics as outlined in court records are these: Eugenio Garduno Guevara and Alma Soto Soto had a baby boy out of wedlock in Mexico in 2010. For three years, the couple lived together and jointly raised the boy. In March 2013, the parents split up, but the father didn’t go far. He insists he continued to visit the boy and provide financial support. A month later, the boy and his mother disappeared.

Since then, Guevara has been on the hunt for his son, engaging Mexican police and the Mexican government, scouring Facebook and, ultimately, invoking the Hague Convention of 1980 on international child abduction and engaging the State Department and the U.S. judicial system.

Two years later, Guevara finally found mother and son via a photograph posted on Facebook, showing Soto and the boy at the Wichita Falls Park in Wichita Falls, Texas. He notified the State Department, which sent Soto a letter in April to the Wichita Falls home of her brother. The letter advised Soto about the provisions of the Hague Convention invoked by Guevara that require the return of the boy to Mexico.

Soto and the boy again disappeared, according to court records. The pair resurfaced — on paper, at least — in late May when Knoxville attorney Tom Slaughter filed a petition in Knox County Juvenile Court seeking to establish custody of the boy by the mother and listing an address for mother and son on Suburban Road in Knoxville.

The petition did not allege either were here legally and instead also invoked the Hague Convention’s international child abduction provisions. Slaughter argued the Hague Convention tenets don’t apply anymore because the boy has “habitually resided in the United States with (Soto) for over two years” and, therefore, is no longer a resident of Mexico subject to the international child abduction agreement, by which the U.S. and Mexico agreed to be bound.

Slaughter contended in the petition Guevara did not financially support his son when the parents split as Guevara insists — although the separation had spanned only a month when mother and child disappeared. He sought child support on behalf of Soto.

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The State Department once again stepped in, serving notice on Knox County Juvenile Court of the father’s claims under the Hague Convention and provisions of the agreement that usurp the court’s authority. A Memphis law firm specializing in immigration issues then filed a federal complaint in U.S. District Court in Knoxville on Dec. 11 seeking emergency action to bar the mother from again fleeing with the boy and a finding by Varlan that the boy must be returned to Mexico.

Read: The Hague Convention is not enough to recover your child

Earlier this week, Varlan issued a temporary restraining order against the mother and ordered the Marshals Service to track her down and serve her with all the court records filed in the federal case so far, including a notice that she and the boy are required to appear in his courtroom Jan. 12 for a hearing.

“Based upon the allegations in the verified complaint, the court finds there is a risk that defendant could continue to conceal the child’s location, and thus (father Guevara) will likely be irreparably harmed in the absence of the requested relief to maintain the status quo,” Varlan wrote.

Noting it is unusual for the court to issue a restraining order before Soto has been located and the father’s complaint formally served on her, Varlan cited as just cause the danger Soto would flee once informed of the federal court action. That flight risk also serves as the basis of his justification in turning to the Marshals Service for help.

“Notice would defeat the purpose of the relief plaintiff seeks,” Varlan wrote. “The court finds that the risk that defendant may leave the jurisdiction once she has notice of plaintiff’s verified complaint warrants issuing a (temporary restraining order) without notice.”

The Marshals Service, although primarily known for its fugitive-hunting duties in criminal cases, plays many lesser-known roles in the federal court system. The agency, for instance, is a key player in the civil process of seizing property and goods acquired through illegal means. But it is rare for the agency to be tasked with serving court records in a lawsuit between private parties.

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Lawyers in child abduction cases advise parents to put travel bans on children

October 12, 2015

Source: The National

DUBAI // Lawyers in child abduction cases are advising parents to apply for travel bans on their children, to stop them being taken overseas to live if relationships break down.

Lawyers Child Abduction Parental Kidnapping

The ban is being used more often by parents who fear their spouses could take the children out of the country without warning.

“Michael”, a Briton who moved to Dubai five years ago with his wife and two children, aged 11 and 8, has not seen them for a year after his former wife took them for a trip home.

“My wife was on holiday in the UK and messaged me to say she was not coming back,” he said. “She was keeping the children and filing for divorce.

“I was shocked and bewildered. It felt as if the ground had fallen away beneath my feet.

“The fact that she didn’t speak to me and just planned it behind my back is what hurt the most. The one thing I regret is not seeing the signs and putting something in place.”

The incident was reported to Interpol because the children were no longer in UAE jurisdiction.

“If anyone is going through any kind of relationship problem and there are children involved, I would strongly advise getting a travel ban as a safety net,” Michael said.

He was granted custody of the children after the divorce was finalised, and expects to be reunited with them in Dubai within a couple of months.



Steps to take if you think your spouse is planning to leave the country with your child or children:

• Act quickly and obtain any evidence that you have of your suspicions, ie, messages, emails, Facebook, etc, and have this translated into Arabic.

• Appoint and provide a lawyer with all the evidence and documents. The lawyer will in turn make an application to the local UAE court for a judge to apply a travel restriction on the child/ren to prevent them from leaving the country; they will be stopped at immigration in any UAE airport.

• Your lawyer can contact the local court and make an emergency application for a custody order based on your concerns. The court will then contact your spouse to discuss the matter further and refer the matter to a judge to review the evidence and the concerns of the parent and impose an order.

• Speak to your and your spouse’s local embassy or consulate to report your concerns and also provide them with any evidence that you have and any evidence of any court orders/travel bans that you are applying for. The embassy or consulate could possibly ontact the embassy of the country your spouse is from and inform them.

* Source: Alderson and Associates, Dubai


Parental child abduction is a criminal offence in the UAE, which has the highest rate of divorce in the GCC, Dubai Statistics Centre data shows.

“At least 20 per cent of cases we deal with, or about five a year, are related to child custody and alleged parental child abduction,” said Samara Mir of Alderson and Associates in Dubai, who was trained in UK and UAE law.

“This has suddenly increased over the last six months but it is difficult to say why. If you are concerned that your wife or husband may be threatening to leave the country with a child then you can go to any local court to apply for a travel ban.”

The order requires marriage and birth certificates, and written reasons why there are concerns that a child could be abducted.

A judge could also ask for a Dh50,000 guarantee.

To have the ban lifted, a parent would have to apply to the court with reasons why they need to take the child abroad.

Such cases can leave an emotional mark on families and are often played out in long legal battles.

Anne Jackson, a life coach who offers counselling for people in these situations, has established a support group called Leaves Dubai, where people can share their experiences and offer advice.

“There are so many extra considerations to be taken into account when facing marriage difficulties as an expat,” Ms Jackson said.

“These considerations can lead to many more fears in this situation, which can lead to irrational decision-making.”

There are no statistics for parental child abduction in the UAE, but in the US each year more than 203,000 children, or 78 per cent of all missing children, are abducted by family member, usually a parent.

The UK’s foreign and commonwealth office says mothers were responsible for 70 per cent of abductions of British children globally.

There were 477 British children abducted by parents and taken abroad last year, up from 226 in 2005.

Since 2009, divorces in the UAE have increased by 40 per cent for expatriate couples, 7 per cent for Emirati couples and 25 per cent for Emiratis married to expatriates.

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Ineffective Access Rights in Japan under Hague Abduction Convention

May 21, 2015
Source: Internationalfamilylawfirm

There is great misunderstanding about the ability of a parent outside Japan to obtain access to a child in Japan through the Hague Abduction Convention.

The Hague Convention contains only one provision (Article 21) concerning visitation. That Article states little more than that an application to make arrangements for organising or securing rights of access may be presented to the Central Authorities of Contracting States.

Japan’s statute implementing the Convention into Japanese law states that an application may be filed under the Convention for visitation only (a) with respect to a child who is located in Japan, (b) who was, immediately before the visitation became unable to be made, a habitual resident of another Hague country, (c) by a person who is entitled to such visitation under the laws of said state other than Japan.


Essentially what all of this means is that no Hague Convention access application can be made in Japan if the child is habitually resident in Japan at the time the alleged right of access has been violated.

This is confirmed by the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ own explanation of the visitation provisions of the Convention. This states that an access claim in Japan should be dismissed unless the applicant is entitled to visitation or contact with the child under the laws of the state where the child held his or her habitual residence immediately before the visitation could not be made.

This means that whenever a child is taken to Japan and becomes habitually resident there within the meaning of Japanese law, no access claim can be made under the Hague Convention.

The parent outside Japan will then have no right to see the child except by bringing a regular custody case in a Family Court in Japan and must expect that,  even if such a claim is ultimately successful , it will (a) almost certainly be limited to visitation in Japan itself (visitation outside Japan has never been ordered by a Japanese court, to my knowledge), (b) will probably be limited to a few hours a month, (c)  will be probably be strictly supervised in a courthouse or other specific location,  and (d) will most likely be unenforceable in Japan.


If a child living outside Japan is lawfully relocated to Japan (whether by court order or parental agreement) the habitual residence of the child will shift to Japan relative quickly after the relocation.

At that point it will be unclear whether the parent outside Japan “is entitled” to visitation under the law of Japan. If there is not even a foreign court order requiring such access there will be no such right in existence. If there was a prior foreign order that purported to make provision for such access, the parent living outside Japan will be entitled to commence a court proceeding in the Family Court in Japan to ask the court to recognise and enforce the foreign custody order.  However, the other parent in Japan will be entitled to ask the Japanese court to assume full custody jurisdiction, since the child will be habitually resident there, and to issue a new custody order that would exclude any provision for contact by the other parent. Alternatively, the parent in Japan will be able to start a new custody case in Japan at any time after the child is settled in Japan and to ask the court there to give unlimited sole custody to such parent.

Accordingly, any expectation that Japan’s accession to the Hague Convention allows parents outside Japan to secure access to their children lawfully living in Japan is quite mistaken.

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Hague child abduction treaty providing little help for fathers of lost kids

March 14, 2015


YOKOSUKA NAVAL BASE, Japan — The last memory Donny Conway has of his daughter is watching her push him away just before putting her to bed.

Donny Conway Japan

“Momma told me if I hug you, she’s going be mad at me,” is what Conway recalls hearing from Christina, then 6.

Conway, who was a petty officer 2nd class at Lemoore Naval Air Station in California at the time, left his child’s room and told his soon-to-be ex-wife, Yumiko, never to say such a thing to his daughter.

A week earlier, Yumiko had returned from a trip to Japan and had asked for a divorce. Conway says she missed Japan and worried about his financial stability because he was among 3,000 sailors involuntarily released from the Navy because of what was then perceived as an overmanning problem.

In granting Yumiko’s divorce request, Conway expected resolution through the U.S. court system, he said.

Instead, on Aug. 9, 2012, the morning after seeing fear in his daughter’s eyes over a bedtime hug, he woke up to an empty house.

He later learned that his wife and daughter were in Japan, and he hasn’t heard from them since.

“I have no idea whether or not my daughter is even alive,” Conway said.

Conway’s case is not unusual — the State Department and Federal Bureau of Investigation have noted several dozen incidents of child abduction to Japan in recent decades.

Japan’s adoption of the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction in April 2014 offers some remedy to that trend, according to experts; however, cultural and legal obstacles remain among parents hoping for either child custody or increased visitation.

Parents can apply for help through either the State Department or the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs under the Hague Convention.

The Japanese will attempt to locate the child and set up a mediation process. If that fails, the parent seeking the child can petition family court.

In October, the new system returned its first child to a German parent abducted by a Japanese mother. Two more Canadian children were returned in December.

To date, five abducted children have been returned to Japan under the convention, according to Foreign Ministry data.

Parents whose children were abducted before Japan joined the convention can’t petition for a return, though they can petition for visitation.

Child Recovery Agents Parental Kidnapping

The idea of joint custody remains an alien concept in Japan, said Colin P.A. Jones, a professor at Doshisha Law School in Kyoto. Jones has written extensively on Japanese family law for several years.

Until the 1960s, the father tended to get custody of a child following a divorce, Jones said. At that point, societal shifts tended to favor maternal custody, often to the point of excluding the father from the child’s life.

Meanwhile, what Americans have viewed as criminal abduction, Japanese society has viewed as a normal part of divorce.

When considering custody and visitation, judges wield a substantial amount of discretion over any factor they think might harm the child, Jones said. If a foreign parent gets an arrest warrant issued after an ex-spouse abducts a child, the judge might even rule against a return on the grounds that a parent’s potential arrest would scar the child.

“It’s very common to do whatever it takes to bring the child back,” Jones said. “But having an arrest warrant may actually be counterproductive in long run.”

Although Japan has returned a few children, it remains to be seen just how cooperative the country will be over the next few years, Jones said.

The main sticking point is enforcement, Jones said. If Japanese officials try to contact the parent of an abducted child, then it can be argued that they’ve fulfilled their Hague Convention obligations, Jones said.

If one parent doesn’t cooperate, the legal remedies remain unclear. Even if both parents cooperate, the Hague Convention’s applicability doesn’t guarantee a result.

“Where there has been something of a sea shift in courts is in accepting that visitation is good for children,” Jones said. “But the court can be completely on your side, and you still may not get very much.”

Petty Officer 1st Class Erik Schaefer, a Navy corpsman based in Okinawa, found out recently how difficult life can become when the court isn’t on a parent’s side.

Shortly before returning from Afghanistan in May, Schaefer’s Japanese wife emailed him, telling him she was divorcing him.

His ex-wife refused to speak with him or tell him where his 4-year-old son and 9-year-old daughter were living.

Schaefer says he went for help at Camp Foster’s legal office but said they couldn’t assist because his wife was already a client. He went to Kadena Air Base, where the legal office gave him a list of Japanese lawyers.

When court mediation began, Schaefer agreed to sign legal custody over to his ex-wife after being told joint custody wasn’t an option.

“The mediators involved in the process kept making it very clear at the time that they believed a child had the right to see a father, and they kept reassuring me on this,” Schaefer said.

Between his Afghanistan deployment and his wife’s actions, Schaefer hadn’t seen his children in about a year and a half, until he saw them again in court in December.

The children shied away from him, and the judge noted it. The judge also asked several questions about an alcohol-related incident in Schaefer’s past, though he sought counseling afterward and hasn’t gotten in any trouble since.

In January, Schaefer received the verdict: one hour of supervised visitation every two months. When Schaefer transfers to another duty station and comes to Japan to visit, he will still only get one hour to see his children.

Schaefer had two weeks to appeal the decision but didn’t know it because it had taken two weeks before he received the decision back from a translator, he said.

He has since hired a local lawyer to review the court proceedings in a desperate attempt to change the ruling.

“I’m not expecting the world,” Schaefer said. “Just enough that the kids feel like they have a dad.”

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Parental Child Abduction – We can help bring your child home.

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ABP World Group Child Recovery Services –  We can bring your child home.

ABP World Group Ltd is a global risk management organization. The company was founded in 2002 and has continued to grow steadily thanks to a high percentage of successful child recoveries.ABP World Group 2

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ABP World Group Ltd provides services including but not limited to: child recovery, close protection, risk management, investigation and counseling for victims parental abduction. Our team has gained experience through military service, law enforcement, intelligence work, as well as private sector security and emergency medicine. We have an immense wealth of experience operating in some of the most arduous circumstances and hostile regions around the globe.

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